The Mobius Strip

We make use of a mobius strip continuum to model the relationships and orthogonality between the Science 1 and the Science 2 domains. 1n our continuum the world as we encounter it in the raw is undifferentiated and it is we who do the differentiations which allow for cognition. Along the simple and ordered side of the surface lies the world as we label and categorize it.  Along the complex and attuned side of the surface lies the world as we act in it. These two sides of the surface have strikingly different characteristics despite being part of a continuous surface.

The simple and ordered side on the right corresponds roughly to our traditional way of thinking.  It excludes context dependence.  It is the world of reliable predictions, truth claims, and invariants.  It is the domain of what we will call Science 1. The complex and attuned side on the left corresponds to a more relationship way of thinking.  1t explicitly includes context dependence.  This is the world of affordances, anticipations, and actions.  It is devoid of truth claims in favor of abductive hypotheses. (Kelly, 1996) It is the domain what we will call Science 2.

Science 1 excludes context dependence thus when it is forced to deal with the possibility instead asserts ceteris paribus “all other things being equal.”  Science 2 explicitly makes room for the context dependencies which Science 1 has excluded.  These can be characterized as emergence, volition, reflexive anticipation, heterogeneity, and design amongst others. In the Science 1 world we label and categorize via deduction, probabilistic inference, and induction.  We accept as explanation statements of category membership. In the Science 2 world we instead seek to identify relationships, affordances, and potential actions.  We ask questions rather than seek to label or categorize.  We treat all explanations as tentative at best and insist that those explanations take the form of answering either how or what if.

The continuum begins at the top where, much like a baby, we attempt to cognize and relate to an undifferentiated world.  We can process that undifferentiated glom in two ways - we can begin by trying to define things and to then look at ordered relations amongst those things.  Or we can begin by assuming that we live amongst a set of complex interwoven relationships and that we are to discover what we can about their interweaves and then determine how best to cope or "attune" to our context.