Epistemological approaches

Science 2 is very different in its concerns from Science 1.  1n the Science 2 world the focus is on individual actions and occurrences where the regularities of Science 1 are part of the context in which these individual events occur.  1n Science 2 the "why?" questions tend to demand answers in the form of narrative - here are the constraints/affordances which given this particular context allowed or prevented a particular action.  Once again, the "least action principle" combined with human cognitive limits means that while a particular context includes an infinitude of variables the observer/actor is limited in what is attended to and processed.  The regularities which are the granular focus of Science 1 frequently are treated as 'assumed' in the attention/cognition processing of Science 2.  The granular focus of Science 2 is on individual actions and events and the 'assumed' regularities are part of the context against which affordances and or constraints are articulated.

Some of the unarticulated assumptions in the Science 2 worldview are contingency and context dependence of any observed or assumed order, the idea that "fidelity" to any particular order only has relevance as part of an observation/expectation/further action feedback loop, that the correct granularity for inquiry is that at the level of individuality, and that regularities can be referred to only contingently by labels and models.    Given these assumptions it is never reasonable to eliminate contingency with a further claim of Ceteris Paribas (for in that claim one might eliminate the explanatory variables themselves), to treat measurement of deviance from expectations as a further contingent variable in the feedback loop, to rely on verb forms, and to posit actions as a justificatory variable.   While each of these "reasonable" approximations can be discarded in the pursuit of "better explanation," our human cognitive limits and our reliance on the "least action principle" allow us to simplify "why?' explanations in the Science 2 world as narratives about affordances and constraints and allows a pragmatic constructivism to guide the articulations of the abbreviated worldview which results.